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Red Persian Carpets and Rugs

The Most Common Color in Persian Carpets and Rugs

Red is the color of Persian culture! These people have deep identity full of passion, love and life resulting from the situation of their land in geography. As they have long history between other civilizations, they have many myths caused many signs and symbols in their literacy and art. every motifs and every colors symbolized a meaning or a value. Persian carpets and drugs are one of the most important fields that express people beliefs and thoughts through patterns and colors. One of most used colors in Persian carpets is red in different shades (mostly in sharp). Red symbolize Fire from four main elements also Love, Life and braveness in Persian culture, It's an important color for this people especially in Persian carpet industry. Red also has different meaning among different tribes, for example for Turkmen tribes red represent blood of lovers!
The process of dyeing fibers into red by plants and other natural dyes origin from centuries ago in Iran from nomad tribes. Nomads finds these natural dyes from plants and insects of meadows or special sands near beaches and sea plants and animals. The best natural dye for shades of red is "Madder". Dyer use the powder of roots of madder planets for dying fibers into different shades of red. another natural dye used by Persian for centuries called "Carmine dye". today carmine is not common like before in this industry because of it's high price dislike aniline dyes are used widely.

Percarin > Persian Carpets > Red
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The Gift From Nature to Persian Rugs From Ancient Times Till Now

You might be curious in how Persian weavers have colored red yarn for so long and why these carpets have such strong hues. Persian carpets most frequently include the color red, which is produced by particular natural dyes. Different Persian rug designs and patterns come in a variety of red hues. Persian art and culture place a lot of significance on the color red, hence it was always crucial to them to get natural red pigments. While many other plants were used to dye fibers in varying shades of red, madder and cochineal dyes are the most common sources of red for Persian rug's fibers.

Madder Dye

Madder is a summer-growing Eurasian shrub with lovely little yellow blooms and berries-like fruits. In India, madder has been used as a durable dye for millennia to color yarns and fabrics. The roots of this plant gradually gained popularity among prominent citizens as a superior red dye. The Persians traditionally employed a unique mordant known as "alum" to dye yarns with madder's root. Because of the strong bonds, this mordant creates between the pigments and the fibers, the colors are long-lasting and resistant. This enchanted plant develops several colors of red.

Carmine Dye

Cochineal is an insect that lives on cacti grown chiefly in tropical areas in South America (also India and the Mediterranean). The female cochineal contains acid carminic, the bug that makes carminic acid, which protects it from other insects. 17 to 24% of the bodies and eggs of dried insects can be removed for their carminic acid, which can then be combined with aluminum or calcium salts to create a carmine color. The carmine dye makes wonderful and brilliant red colors on natural fibers with high durability. Today carmine dye is used in dyeing unique handmade rugs, especially those woven with silk yarns, as they have high prices.